Different Types Of Epoxy Flooring

Flooring is not just about functionality, but also an opportunity to express your own style and create a visually stunning space. When it comes to durability, versatility, and design options, epoxy flooring beats all the competitors. Epoxy flooring is a popular choice for residential, commercial as well as industrial spaces. So, you’ve decided to have an Epoxy Floor Coating placed at your home or company, but now comes the difficult part! It’s ideal to think about what types of epoxy flooring will meet your requirements and create value.

Epoxy floors are smooth, very adaptable, and may be made in a broad range of colors, styles, effects, and ornamental alternatives in terms of aesthetics. These characteristics make them suited for use in industrial and commercial settings.

What is Epoxy Flooring?

Whether you’re looking to improve your home floor, update your commercial space or elevate your industrial facility, epoxy flooring provides a flawless combination of beauty and toughness. Epoxy flooring is fundamentally a strong coating system made by combining epoxy resin with a hardening agent. When it comes to flooring, we often look for durability, looks, and functionality. Epoxy resin serves as a protective layer, giving a high gloss finish and enhancing the durability of the floor. One of the main advantages of epoxy flooring is that it can transform any floor into a work of art.

Considerations While Choosing Types Of Epoxy Flooring

Keep in mind that every epoxy flooring project is unique, so it’s essential to consult with experts when choosing the type of epoxy flooring for your project. To achieve a stunning epoxy floor. a number of factors can be taken into consideration. Here are some key factors while choosing the type of epoxy flooring for your project:

1. Usage and Environment: 

Consider the specific usage and environment of the space. Is it a residential, commercial, or industrial setting? Will the space experience a lot of foot traffic, vehicles, chemicals, or extreme temperatures? Different epoxy flooring systems are implemented to withstand different levels of purpose and environmental conditions.

2. Durability and Resistance:

Some epoxy systems are more resistant to chemicals and stains than others. For high-traffic spaces with chemical exposure, choose epoxy flooring that offers the required durability and resistance.

3. Installation ability: 

Based on the requirements of your project, determine whether the installation is possible. Some epoxy systems are easier to install yourself, while others may need to be installed by a 

professional due to their complexity or need for specialized equipment. Evaluate the curing and drying times, as well as the level of skill and ability needed for the application.

4. Budget:

Evaluate the cost of the epoxy flooring system, including the cost of the materials, installation, and any surface preparation that may be required. Keep in mind that higher-quality epoxy systems may be more expensive, but they may offer greater durability, which could be cost-effective with fewer maintenance issues.

5. Maintenance and Cleanliness: 

Some epoxy floorings are seamless, which makes them easy to clean and maintain. Others may have anti-slip additives or a texture that requires specific cleaning techniques. Evaluate the long-term maintenance and make sure they meet your requirements.

Types Of Epoxy Flooring

types of epoxy flooring

There are different types of epoxy flooring that you can choose based on your needs.  Epoxy floor coatings comes in a variety of forms, including:

Self-Dispersing Epoxy Flooring

The strength of a self-dispersing epoxy floor coating is unrivaled. It can be used with quartz sand to increase its durability. This type of epoxy flooring is typically seen in high-traffic areas where forklifts and other heavy machines are frequently utilized. When quartz sand is added to it, it forms a textured surface that offers chemical resistance. It makes self-dispersing epoxy flooring an ideal choice for areas with a risk of spills or moisture.

Common Application Areas: commonly used in the food, agricultural, and manufacturing industries.

Self Leveling Epoxy Flooring

To provide a smooth, durable, and even texture on the surface of the floor, self-leveling epoxy is applied over new, old, cracked, or damaged concrete floors. Self-leveling epoxy floors not only have a gleaming, smooth appearance, but they are also available in a variety of colors to suit commercial, industrial, and residential environments. It is one of the most common types of epoxy flooring in the market.

self levelling epoxy

Common Application Areas: Manufacturing facilities, warehouses, showrooms, commercial garage floors, kitchens, sporting facilities, and other structures are all available.

Mortar Coating Epoxy Flooring

This flooring choice is one of the most demanding types of epoxy flooring systems currently available. This epoxy floor is comprised entirely of solid epoxies and quartz sand that have been sorted. Mortar systems are ideal for regions that require a floor that should be resistant to chemicals and that can also withstand a high number of impacts. Before installing another type of epoxy floor, this epoxy floor can be used to patch cracks.

Common Application Areas: Manufacturing facilities, warehouses, showrooms, commercial garages, kitchens, sporting facilities, and other structures are all available.

Gravel Coating Epoxy Flooring

Gravel coatings are a decorative epoxy flooring alternative that is great for applying creative graphics, logos, or branding right on the floor. It’s one of the most ideal types of epoxy flooring for entryways.It is a special kind of epoxy floor that has decorative gravel or other aggregates in it. The gravel coating enhances the floor’s strength and resistance to wear and tear. It is frequently used in outdoor spaces, such as driveways and pathways.

gravel coating epoxy flooring

Common Application Areas: used to decorate floors with logotypes, brand markings, and aesthetic details

Terrazzo Coating Epoxy Flooring

Epoxy terrazzo flooring is a vibrant, beautiful, long-lasting, and seamless flooring option. A mixture of colored epoxy resin and chosen aggregates are used to make this sort of flooring. The flooring is ground and highly polished after the mixture has been set, revealing the aggregate and resulting in a smooth, attractive, and robust floor look. Epoxy terrazzo floors are not only attractive and durable, but they also require little care and have a long lifespan (upwards of 40 years). Because of its beauty, durability, and longevity, this floor solution is suitable for big commercial venues.

terrazzo coating epoxy flooring

Common Application Areas: Corridors and doorways of commercial properties, colleges, and office buildings are widely utilized in big spaces.

Antistatic Coating Epoxy Flooring

This specific type of epoxy floor coatings should be uses in environments where static-sensitive electronic components are used on a regular basis and a static-free environment is critical, such as labs, hospitals, and electronics manufacturing factories. This is the best type of epoxy flooring solution for an environment that needs a static-free environment. 

Common Application Areas: Manufacturing facilities for electronic, chemical, or pharmaceutical products, healthcare facilities, or any other space where flammable gases or liquids are used and there is a risk of combustible dust buildup.

Vapor Barrier Epoxy Flooring

Moisture vapor barriers are applied to concrete flooring to provide an impassable, waterproof surface. It also has the added benefit of preventing vapor transfer. Moisture barrier epoxy coatings are often applied prior to the installation of the final flooring option, whether it be vinyl, carpet, hardwood, epoxy, or tile. It is one of the most common types of epoxy flooring for places that needs resistance from water or moisture.

Common Application Areas: Areas that get exposed to water, outdoor settings, around swimming pools, etc.

Custom Flake Epoxy Flooring

This epoxy floor has colorful flake components incorporated into the epoxy resin to give it a lively, multi-hued appearance. The flakes not only produce a flawless aesthetic but also include slight grooves on each surface to prevent slips and falls. Epoxy flake flooring is available in a wide range of sizes, colors, shapes, and textures, making them adaptable to any room.

Epoxy Flaked Floor Coatings

Common Application Areas: Locker rooms, sports arenas, shops, hospitals, food joints, and more are all examples of commercial spaces.

Quartz Epoxy Floors

Quartz epoxy floors are made out of high-performance epoxy polymer resin with tinted quartz grains. This epoxy is best used in ornamental regions that need to be hygienic and slip-resistant. Quartz-filled epoxy flooring is more durable due to the use of the hard epoxy floor material quartz. Quartz can be utilized as a bonding agent, aesthetic accent, or even anti-slip surface.  It is one of the most common types of epoxy flooring choices for Restrooms, schools, cafeterias, lobbies, offices, and showrooms.

Common Application Areas: Locker rooms, bathrooms, Educational institutes, Canteens, Office lobby, hospitals, showrooms, and other places.

Different Types Of Epoxy Coatings

We have categorized different types of epoxy flooring based on the type of flooring finishes above. The epoxy can also be categorized based on the additives being mixed with the epoxy resin. There are three different types of epoxy:

  • 100% Solids Epoxy
  • Waterborne Epoxy
  • Solvent Epoxy

100% Solids Epoxy

100% solid epoxy is a mixture of epoxy resin and a hardener. They are the best type of epoxy coating. They are most durable and strongest. But, they have short pot life. It means you have to apply them quickly once the mixture of epoxy and hardener is created.

Instead of a carrier like a solvent or water-based, solids epoxy is just that- 100% solids. Because it is not a thin coat epoxy, this is a wonderful choice that is of the best quality to be professionally applied. 

100% Solids Coating Floor Epoxy

 100% Solids Epoxy is a commercial-grade, high-quality epoxy.  Because of its thickness and installation method, it is flooring that will last a lifetime. The difficulty of self-application is managing the thick epoxy flooring, which is why many people choose professional help. And who better as your epoxy floor installers than Best Coast Epoxy? Metallic Epoxy flooring is gaining a lot of popularity nowadays.

Common Application Areas: It’s ideal for warehouses, kitchens, restrooms, and, of course, garage floors because it’s best in corrosive situations. 

Waterborne Epoxy

To create the waterborne epoxy coating, water is used as an additive since it evaporates slowly and increases the pot life of the epoxy coating. They are not toxic and don’t create any fumes. But, they result in the weakest type of epoxy floors.

This is a high-performance coating that may be used on concrete floors in a variety of conditions, from your house to a harsh industrial setting. It has no VOCs, HAPs, or solvent odor, resulting in a durable, chemically and abrasion-resistant surface that complies with LEED-certified indoor air criteria.

It can be applied on thin or thicker concrete or slabs of concrete since it is water-soluble and hence less reactive. This is a popular choice because of its low environmental effect and safety, however, all epoxy coatings have an influence on the environment.

Common Application Areas: It is utilized in food-processing plants 

Solvent-Based Epoxy

Instead of water, other kinds of solvents are used to create this type of epoxy coating. These types of epoxy are less prone to petroleum contamination. The solvents are Volatile Organic Compounds ( VOC ) and can create harmful fumes.

This epoxy type has a lengthy history, as it was one of the first to be utilized. Due to its mixture of solvent-based organic chemicals, a solvent-borne epoxy leaves a thick, strong epoxy coating on the floor. The same substance makes it combustible, which is something to consider depending on your demands.

Customers use Solvent Borne Epoxy because it can be applied to thin surfaces while still delivering a strong and cohesive finish. Because epoxy is used, the fumes are extremely poisonous, therefore proper ventilation is required—another reason to consult with specialists like Best Coast Epoxy.

Common Application Area: Machine shops

Also, In any case, if you’re thinking of opting for epoxy, you can always consult epoxy flooring contractors near you for an expert or second opinion and arrange for professional installation, which is an affordable and highly valuable investment for years to come. 

Frequently Asked Questions

There are mainly three types of epoxy. They are solvent based epoxy, water based epoxy and 100% solid epoxy.

All epoxy floors are resin floors but not all resin floors are epoxy. Basically, epoxy is a type of resin that can used for flooring. Polyurethane floors can also be considered epoxy floors.

100% solid epoxy is best for garage floors. They are durable and strong compared to water and solvent based epoxy.

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Ryan Pepple

My name is Ryan Pepple and I am the founder/president of Best Coast Epoxy Coatings Inc. I do all the residential jobs myself and use a crew to complete commercial jobs. You can call the number mentioned on the site to talk to me.

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